The American beech produces edible brown fruit called beechnuts, typically 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches in size, contained in husks covered in soft spines. This plant has no children Legal Status. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. The slow-growing beech tree is a common, deciduous tree that reaches its greatest size in the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys and may attain ages of 300 to 400 years. Creep curves for American beech when placed under a constant load in compression or tension above the proportional limit at various temperatures and moisture contents. Beech suckers readily, so a "mother" tree may be surrounded by dozens of its identical offspring saplings. French name: Hêtre à grandes feuilles; Taxonomic Serial Number: 19462 Description Leaves. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. This species is commonly incorporated into landscapes when developments are built into forested areas. Beech-Nut brand gum. Habitat of the American Beech. American Beech will grow to be about 70 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 50 feet. The tree generally prefers moist soil, provided it is not waterlogged. American beech also provides nesting habitat for a variety of birds, and cavities within older trees provide dens for owls, squirrels and other mammals. A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 4 m (13 ft) tall. Once they do start producing mast, they are fairly inconsistent from one year to the next. The massive trunk has beautiful silver gray bark; the dark green summer foliage turns a golden bronze in the fall. 72. For management purposes, American beech mostly regenerates by root suckers and by stump sprouts. The American beech is a common tree found in the forests and woods of eastern part of the United States. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 120 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations! Beech Tree Trivia Facts. The smooth bark of the Beech Tree is a favorite spot for lovers to carve their initials. It is a large deciduous tree typically growing to 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a dense, upright-oval to rounded-spreading crown. Both are economically important timber trees and are often planted as ornamentals in Europe and North America; they may grow as tall as 30 metres (100 feet). Yet considering its decent strength and hardness—and its comparatively low cost—Beech represents an excellent value for woodworkers. Latin name: Fagus grandifolia Ehrn. Form. 1). The American Beech once covered most of the Eastern U.S. Beech is one of the few nut producing species occuring naturally in the region. It is a sturdy, imposing, large deciduous tree typically growing to 60 to 80 feet tall or more with a dense, upright-oval to a rounded-spreading crown and smooth bark that remains smooth as the tree ages. Wetland Status. Other Common Names: carolina beech, gray beech, red beech, ridge beech, stone beech, white beech and winter beech. European Beech: The European beech tree (Fagus sylvatica), also known as the copper beech or purple beech, is a large beech tree native throughout western Europe.These trees grow faster than American beeches (maturing in 30 years as opposed to 40), and they can get as tall as 160 feet. Beech Tree Facts. They typically reach heights of 50 feet to 80 feet. They take a long time, up to 30 years, to start producing heavy mast. Cankers can be a problem. Avoid foot traffic over the root system. Deciduous, alternate, simple ; Narrowly oval, tip long-pointed; Base wedge-shaped; leathery; Veins straight, parallel, 9–14 per side; Often remain on tree into winter; Length. American beech. The beech is not without its drawbacks. 85 II. Heavy logging for timber thinned it considerably, but they are making a comeback. Construction of portable testing chamber used in tests. In Missouri, it occurs in rich woods of ravines, slopes and valleys only in the far southeastern corner of the state (Steyermark). Like the Sugar Maple, the American Beech does not flourish in moist soils. Fagus grandifolia, or American beech, is native to eastern North America and found throughout the state of North Carolina. Unfortunately, because beech can regenerate aggressively and is slow-growing, in most uneven-aged forest management situations … Learn about this plant's saw-toothed leaves, its unusual bark, and its significance for wildlife. This tree can live up to 400 years. American Beech develops natural cavities that provide nesting sites for cavity nesting birds like Titmice, Chickadees, Woodpeckers and Nuthatches, all of whom rely on insects for a large part of their diet, and will help protect the tree from insect leaf-eaters. 87 III. There are 11 species of beech that can be found in the northern parts of Europe, Asia and North America. Arrangement for testing in tension perpendicular to the grain. With its smooth, tight gray bark and crop of beech nuts, the American beech, Fagus grandifolia, is an iconic tree.A mature, healthy beech tree has a large spreading crown and dominates the trees around it, and plays an important role in the ecology of the New England forest. Fagus sylvatica is a large tree, capable of reaching heights of up to 50 m (160 ft) tall and 3 m (9.8 ft) trunk diameter, though more typically 25–35 m (82–115 ft) tall and up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) trunk diameter. Habitat & Range. Winter, however, emphasizes this tree's other notable attributes - its long, thin, pointed, brown leaf buds and its smooth, thin, light gray, "wrinkled" bark that resembles an elephant's hide. No information available. Illinois lies along the western range limit of this tree. Fagus grandifolia, commonly called American beech, is native to eastern North America. Leaves typically hang on well into the winter months adding to the seasonal interest. May 8, 2014 - The southern and eastern parts of the United States is home to one of the most important tree species of nature, the American beech tree. Published classification schemes listing American beech as dominant or codominant in habitat types (hts) are listed below: Area Classification Authority n MI, ne WI forest hts Coffman, Alyanak & Rosovosky 1980 n WI forest hts Kotar & others 1989 n WI, n MI forest hts Kotar 1986 MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS SPECIES: Fagus grandifolia WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : Beech wood is used … Beech usually grows on chalk, limestone and other well-drained and fertile types of soil. Before the glacial period, beech trees flourished over most of North America. Young plants can survive in partially shaded areas, while mature trees require direct sunlight. Much of the beech population in northern Maine has been affected by beech bark disease, which infects and kills larger trees of nut-producing age. It can tolerate a wide range of soil types. It holds on to its toothed, golden-brown leaves very late into the winter. 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