The first of our domesticated hedgehog breeds, the African Pygmy hedgehog is also known as the “four-toed hedgehog”. Found only in Somalia, these small hedgehogs have a white belly with brown or black legs. Their unique, adorable appearance makes them a highly desired pet for a lot of people, and their docile personality really rounds things out. PetKeen.com does not intend to provide veterinary advice. A key characteristic of this hedgehog is its massive ears that help it find food and potential mates. The European hedgehog, or Erinaceus europaeus, is frequently referred to as the "common hedgehog". 1. It has a much larger reach than the southern white-breasted hedgehog, too, spanning from Poland to Greece and all the way to Siberia. North African Hedgehog (Atelerix algirus) Origin: Africa. First of all, the Indian hedgehog is most known for its masked face that's quite similar to that of a raccoon. So, what exactly are those 16 types of hedgehogs? We’ll introduce you to 17 different types of hedgehogs, including both domesticated breeds and wild species. Four-toed hedgehogs are a bit smaller than other species of hedgehogs, coming in around 8 to 10 inches long. Despite this large range, the long-eared hedgehog has a preference for very moderate climates. Required fields are marked *, Get exclusive pet tips, tricks, and fun stuff that we love :), About Contact Medical Disclaimer Terms Privacy. Also known as Eranaceus concolor, the southern white-breasted hedgehog is very similar in several ways to European hedgehogs. This species inhabits the more arid regions of Pakistan and the northwestern section of India. With its widespread existence, there hasn't been a significant population decline. The Brandt's hedgehog, Paraechinus hypomelas, is quite a unique-looking desert hedgehog species. This species is found in a variety of different countries in Europe, including Spain, France, Italy, the United Kingdom, and several others. There are some owners of Egyptian long-eared and Indian long-eared hedgehogs, but they don't make great pets. Hedgehogs are not naturally found in New Zealand and England; instead, they are imported. We appreciate you taking the time to peruse our list of hedgehog species, and hope that you enjoyed learning more about our favorite spiky mammals! … They're largely nocturnal and quite hesitant in nature, with the only aggressiveness occurring between two males. It's quite a small hedgehog, only reaching about 6 to 7 inches and weighing between half a pound and a pound. It's native to Amur Oblast and Primorye in Russia, in addition to locations in China and the Korean Peninsula. © 2020 Beyond The Treat | Amazon Associates Disclaimer: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. While most hedgehogs curl into a ball to defend themselves, they've taken a different approach. In fact, there are only four domesticated breeds of hedgehogs that can be kept as pets. The next most popular of all domesticated hedgehog breeds, a distant relative of the Algerian hedgehog was domesticated by the Romans in the fourth century to be used for meat, quills, and pets. This is a protected species that's generally considered endangered, but its overall status is quite unclear. This hedgehog is commonly kept as a pet and is very affordable to purchase. They are one of the most popular types of domesticated hedgehogs sold as pets. I believe they are extremely rare. Smaller than European hedgehogs, when found in the wild this domesticated breed will often hibernate for short periods of time in summer and winter. This means that the Indian Long-Eared hedgehog can handle both extreme heat and extreme cold much better than most hedgehogs. This species is located in both the dry, arid regions and jungles of south-eastern India. While some species are quite similar, there are others that are entirely unique and quite fascinating! It’s true! This smaller species is quite active, though, and love to swim and climb and make a good deal of noise. Note: We may earn commissions from the links within this post. Southern African hedgehogs are relatively docile and slow, but can run quickly when threatened. Only discovered as recently as 2018, this unique species can only be found on the slopes of Mt. It was also found in some districts of Kerala. Long-eared hedgehog breeds are naturally parasite prone, so be sure to source one from a reputable dealer if you’d like to keep one as a pet. What Eats Hedgehogs? It features very large ears and darker fur and needles than other hedgehogs. It's very similar to other species of hedgehogs in many ways, having the same sleep, behavioral, and mating patterns as a plethora of other species.
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